PAFRAS in the news.

PAFRAS in the News!

Recently, Polly Toynbee, from The Guardian newspaper called in at our Thursday Drop In to see for herself the needs of destitute asylum seekers and what we can do to help them. Her article formed part of the Guardian and Observer newspapers’ 2015 charity appeal. The article features PAFRAS’s Drop In and our Red Cross partners with a handy link to our website!

Clic here to go to the full article….

PAFRAS in the news

PAFRAS in the news

Posted in News

A retirement message from Christine Majid – PAFRAS Founder

PAFRAS pictures Drop In Services International Food Day 2013 039
A Retirement message from PAFRAS Founder and Manager Christine Majid

Dear all,

I am writing to inform you all of my forthcoming retirement from PAFRAS at the end of the calendar year.

It has been an incredible journey over the last 13 years since I founded Positive Action for Refugees [PAR] in 2003, which grew into PAFRAS in 2005. PAR was a small grass roots not for profit project based in Harehills which had a small management Committee. It all began in a small attic room for its office which was very cold and the roof leaked.

PAR worked mostly around integration issues for new arrivals as well as casework, which were mostly accommodation issues. We also had a teacher from Park Lane College to teach ESOL (English for Speakers of Other Languages) classes and Basic Skills. These were happy and memorable times. My heartfelt thanks go to the management committee of the time and to Dave Brown for giving unwavering support and guidance from 2003. Dave saw the transition through to PAFRAS in 2005 and stayed as Trustee of PAFRAS up until August 2015. My thanks also go to the two part time caseworkers at the time and colleagues in the Refugee Field.

Due to lack of funding PAR lost its premises. This came at a time when government policy on immigration was rapidly changing, and one could see that the rights of Asylum Seekers were slowly being eroded away. There were many pieces of legislation passed at the time and Section55 of the Nationality and Immigration Act was one of them. This denied asylum seekers who applied late for their asylum claim any support at all. Under Section 9 of the Asylum and Immigration Act (Treatment of Claimants, 2004) this was extended to failed asylum seeking families, who also were denied support.  This came at a time when there were also huge cuts in Legal Aid making it impossible for asylum seekers to find a solicitor to submit an appeal. Consequently many lost their accommodation and support, and were evicted from their accommodation by the police. Many asylum seekers ended up on the streets, confused and disorientated as to what had happened to them.

Further cuts in 2004 removed NHS treatment from failed asylum seekers (except in emergency cases), and women refused antenatal care were forced to give birth at home. Institutionalized destitution had become an integral part of 21st century Britain. Something had to be done. It could not be right to leave people homeless and without any recourse to public funds, stripped of dignity and all social and civil rights, highly vulnerable on the streets.

In 2005 PAFRAS was born to adapt and respond to the beginnings of a growing crisis of asylum seekers all over the UK. With support and help from Ray Gaston, All Hallows CofE, who galvanized many churches of all denominations to help and make a stand against a brutal asylum system and support PAFRAS. My thanks also go Holy Rosary and the St Vincent Group who have supported PAFRAS since its inception in 2005. The response in the city from the churches was growing and donations of money, food and clothing began to come in. My garage was used as a storage ‘till I could secure enough funding to find an office base.

With no office I reverted to my old 2CV, voluntarily taking food and blankets to those on the streets (as sub zero temperatures plummeted), while at the same time trying to secure funding for a destitution project in Leeds. As more and more people became destitute it was clear that the need for a drop in centre and constant supplies of food, shelter and clothing were desperately needed. After six months, funding was secured and PAFRAS opened its first drop in at Nassu Place, Chapeltown. My grateful thanks go to Mr Morris. PAFRAS rented another attic in Harehills (alas, another leaking roof!) and managed to secure a part time caseworker post. These were extremely challenging times for destitute asylum seekers, as well as PAFRAS, and never was a specific project for destitution more needed in the city.

PAFRAS grew from strength to strength. The popularity and need for PAFRAS was overwhelming and showed the need for a project specifically assisting those left destitute. From 2007 – 2009 PAFRAS expanded beyond recognition.  As funding was secured a team of seven staff were employed. The expansion was fast and I was well aware it could contract in the future. PAFRAS required a much larger premises and separate food storage to operate from. In 2007 PAFRAS moved to St Aidan’s Community Hall, where PAFRAS is still based and operates its weekly drop in. My gratitude goes to St Aidan’s Church, Father Taylor, Andy Myers, Mother Diana, Tony Jowett to the St Aidan’s PCC and last but not least, my thanks to Andrew Ifill, Hall Manager, who has taken on the herculean task of running the kitchen with our volunteers for nearly the last eight years.

Developing and implementing a more multi-agency approach at the drop in over the last four years has benefited the client group enormously.
We have access to:

  • A Red Cross Caseworker, vouchers and their International Tracing Service.
  • York Street Practice who register asylum seekers with a GP and complete HC2 forms to enable them to receive their medication without cost.
  • Skyline who give a valuable service of HIV screening and testing.
  • Migrant Helpline who assist with accommodation issues, asylum support problems.
  • More recently City of Sanctuary has joined us at the PAFRAS weekly drop in.

PAFRAS has hit many challenging and difficult times, with funding becoming harder to secure for work with destitute asylum seekers. Over the last five years PAFRAS has had to implement many cuts in staff hours, seeking to make sure the cuts did not affect destitute asylum seekers themselves, leaving a very small team working way beyond their capacity to keep open such a vitally needed project in the city of Leeds.

PAFRAS was there at the right time providing the right service for destitute asylum seekers and has achieved an enormous amount for the city. There have been challenges throughout the life of PAFRAS, ups and downs, and for staff one of the most challenging areas to operate and work in.

I convey my most warmest and sincere   appreciation, gratitude and sincere thanks to all the past and present staff, my sincere appreciation, gratitude and heartfelt thanks for all your support, commitment, care and compassion to a hugely marginalized and voiceless client group.

To the present PAFRAS Team, I thank you all for your levels of dedication, overwhelming commitment, well beyond the line of duty, and for your unconditional support, achieving social justice for so many clients and for securing real life changes for them.

My thanks to all the volunteers past and present who have been the backbone of the organization over the last 12 years, providing and donating their time and energy with hands on help at the Project and the food store, making up literally thousands of food parcels over the years. My thanks go to Touchstone for running the volunteers programme for the last 4 years.

I extend huge heartfelt thanks to all the donors, countless organizations and individuals, the Churches as far out as the Yorkshire Dales, the Quakers and other Faith Sectors. I thank you all for all the help and support you have shown to our asylum seekers and the organization itself.  My heartfelt and sincere thanks to you all – without your sustained help and support many people would be left in abject poverty. You have all played a huge part and improved the lives of hundreds of asylum seekers.

My sincere thanks and gratitude go to all the funders since PAFRAS was founded, without your help and support and belief in the project PAFRAS would not have been able to exist, function and operate and help so many destitute asylum seekers, my eternal gratitude to you all.

I wish to pay tribute at this stage to the British Red Cross who have been our key partners since 2005, who have provided an excellent service working alongside the PAFRAS team over a very long sustained period of time. My sincere gratitude to the Red Cross Team for all their loyal and unswerving support since 2005.

I would like to extend my sincere thanks to all our partners at the weekly drop in and to LASSN for their long stay and short stop programmes, St Monica’s Housing and Abigail Housing which are a life line for those who have been left homeless.

To all my colleagues in the Refugee and Asylum field, past and present, my sincere thanks for all your support over the years; I will miss you all dearly. I also add my warm thanks to organizations outside of the Refugee domain for their support and contribution over the years in particular Hamara and the Give a Gift Team, to all the bands and musicians who have performed for PAFRAS and raised finance to support those left destitute. I thank you all so much.

My thanks to all of the Trustees past and present for their time, energy and expertise in steering the Project forward.

As you will appreciate, this is a very overwhelming period of time for me personally, and I am aware that I have not been able to thank everyone and every organization by name in this letter. Rest assured that I am deeply grateful to every individual, organization, church and the different faith sectors that have and continue to support PAFRAS; I owe a huge debt of gratitude to each and every one of you. Without all your support and help we would not be able to run the PAFRAS service. Thanks to you all for the huge part you are playing in improving the lives of those left destitute.

So, this now brings me to the end of a journey, one which has brought many varying experiences along the way. I have been extremely humbled and privileged over the last 13 years to meet people from all over the world, who have, despite their hardships, conducted themselves with grace, humility and dignity. I have learnt so much from you all, for which I am deeply grateful and I will miss you all.

I am sure that PAFRAS will continue to deliver its wonderful, inclusive, caring and compassionate open doors service, which its unique values are founded on, where status, nationality or ethnicity are no barrier. I sincerely hope PAFRAS goes on from strength to strength and I wish Ruth Davany (PAFRAS’s new manager – about whom more in our Spring newsletter) all the best in her new post at PAFRAS.

PAFRAS has been a huge part of my life all these years, and I wish it well for the future.

I hope after reflecting over the last thirteen years to be involved in campaigning for a more transparent and fairer asylum system and at some stage to attempt writing a book (but we will see).  Other things for the future are returning to my piano and re-learning guitar, which has been on hold for years.
A very fond farewell to you all – I will miss each and every one of you all dearly and will never forget you all. Take care and warmest wishes to you all in the future.


Christine Majid

Posted in News

Hyde Park Picture House hosts UK premiere of ‘Refugee – The Eritrean Exodus’


Queueing in light rain is not everyone’s idea of fun, but last night [Tues 1st Dec] over one hundred people made the effort IMG_1584 to come and watch this challenging film and to hear Director Chris Cotter IMG_1586 tell the story of how he came to make it. From USA to Ethiopia where the refugee camps are was a big step for the small team who set out with the intention of ensuring this peoples’ tragic story got told.

To get a sense of the film visit their website and watch the trailer.

Many thanks to Dora Rebelo, PAFRAS mental health worker for her efforts to make the screening of the film happen, to Hyde Park Picture House for hosting us and to everyone else who helped in any way!


Posted in News

PAFRAS Statement

PAFRAS Trustees are sad to report that our manager of 12 years, Christine Majid, will be retiring at Christmas.

Christine founded PAFRAS in 2003 and has steered it through many turbulent times including successive Government attacks on Refugees and Asylum Seekers, constant cuts in funding and huge pressures on the sector as a result of increasingly negative policy changes.

In paying tribute to Christine, Trustees would like to thank her for her many years of selfless dedication to the plight of Refugees and Asylum Seekers across decades and across continents.

Christine has put the needs of others before those of herself for more years than PAFRAS has been in existence. She has campaigned tirelessly against destitution and has created an organisation that is a tribute to her love and compassion for people. In short, Christine is a force of nature and her force has always been for good and for the good of the people who needed her.

We know that replacing Christine will be a very hard task but she has earned this time to herself and we wish her the very best of luck in her well – deserved retirement.
PAFRAS Trustees October 2015

Posted in News

Fusion gig at the Holbeck

Poster FUSION  Holbeck Oct 10th


Many thanks to Ben & Hannah [the support act ] and Fusion for some great music last Saturday. Between us we raised about £130.00. Thanks too to the Holbeck and staff for such cheerful help and welcome.

Posted in News

2015 Cricket Fundraiser


Cricket Fundraiser 001

Picture 1 of 12

St George’s Church cricket team vanquish Mosaic Church team to raise funds for ‘Spacious Places’ and PAFRAS.

Posted in News

Refugee week party !

Bingo with shampoo as a prize! Lots of food! Thanks to Hamara and everyone else who contributed to a great time at Pafras’ refugee week party.Pafras publicity

Posted in News

Fusion plays to a packed house for PAFRAS!


Friday evening at the New Headingley Club …. much setting up of equipment and sound checking. The audience drift in, drinks are fetched from the bar, seats are found… let the music begin! A musical journey around the Mediterranean, North and central Africa, Ancient Persia and more. Flutes, drums, double bass, bagpipes, clarinet, sax, guitar, mandolin, Arabian lute and voices. A solo intermission of Iraqi folk songs from Jaffar Yaseen! Just wonderful music, requiring two encores, one for the Zimbabwean folk in the audience…Headingley – home from home.
Many thanks to Steve and Fusion for a great evening in aid of PAFRAS.
We raised just under £250.00!

Posted in News

Tour de Touchstone

On the 1st of May 2015, Touchstone’s staff, volunteers, trustees and service users will be raising funds for our charity. They will cycle, bus, funny walk and superhero from the centre of Dewsbury to Chapeltown, Leeds.

Tour de Touchstone Givey page

Please give generously and feel free to get involved! All welcome.

Posted in Events, Fundraising, News

The Human Cost of War – Christine Majid

Refugee Girl

Zaatari Refugee Camp Jordan:  One of a million Syrian Children who have become refugees.(1) (UNCHR Report 2014)

UNCHR’s annual Global Trends report, which is based on data compiled by governments and non-government partner organizations and the organizations own records, show 51.2 million people were forcibly displaced at the end of 2013, 6 million more than the 45.2 million reported in 2012more.(1)

Why has there been such a massive increase?  On -going wars, (especially in Syria) terrorism,  major displacement in the Central African Republic and South Sudan, overall the largest refugee populations under UNHCR care are from Afghanistan, Syria and Somalia, accounting   for more than half of the global refugee total.(2)  By regions Asia and the Pacific have the largest refugee population overall at 3.5 million. Sub-Saharan Africa had 2.9 million people while the Middle East and North Africa had 2.6 million ( UNHCR -2013) and Pakistan, Iran  and Lebanon, hosted more refugees than any other countries in the world.

As more and more potential   migrants   are emerging ( mostly from the third world), they  are under compulsion to move, as economic, socio- political and environmental collapse threatens basic security in many regions, but where do they go?  As Europe closes its borders and has become a gated continent, we see the human tragedies  of  Lampedusa.   In February of this year 300 migrants were feared   to have drowned in the  Mediterranean(3), due to Europe’s decision to downsize maritime rescue operations last Autumn. This raises huge concerns regarding  the EU’s  moral and political values. (Guardian February 2015)

Does it not appear ironic that the very same states which were the authors who wrote the key principles of the Geneva Convention in 1951 are now attempting to re-write it?

Compulsion, Exclusion and the Denial of Dignity

As the EU was intent on institutionalizing policies that undermined Article 31 of the Geneva Convention by criminalizing illegal entry; it was only a matter of time before the UK was to follow the rest of Europe.  Boateng (1989) (4)comments on the boundaries of Europe being constantly fortified, and the concern with ‘legitimizing measures’ to keep out the alien flood.

This was clearly illustrated by Margaret Thatcher in 1989 who stated that:

“We joined Europe to have free movements of goods …..I did not join Europe to have free movement of terrorists, criminals, drugs, plant and animal diseases and illegal immigrants ‘. (1989).

There appears to be, amongst politicians, a fascination with the numbers and statistics of asylum flows, with displaced people being described as masses, hordes, influx, and swarms which ultimately dehumanizes asylum seekers.

It appears that global migrations at a time of austerity in Europe have not only been perceived as a threat to economic security, but also to national identity. Increasingly in the British and European Press the vision of being swamped with huge numbers of immigrants has been constructed both in exclusionary and discriminatory terms. This, in turn, has sown the seeds of a new nationalism and racism  fuelled by  New Right Ideologies, as well as giving a platform to the extreme right.

‘ Both the UK and other European Government’s  are using the welfare state as a lever to force asylum seekers to give up their fight  for asylum and leave the country “ voluntarily” ‘. ( Fekete. L 2009)5 . One must ask the question how voluntary is a return if a destitute asylum seeker is starved out of the country?

The New Labour Government of 1997 put in place internal mechanisms, which reflected the EU view of asylum seekers, (as a criminals in need of constant surveillance). The 1998 White paper ‘Fairer, Faster and Firmer’,(6)  made  it crystal clear that deterring ‘abusive’ asylum seekers from  entering the country was a primary aim.

Under the previous Conservative Government the costs of asylum seekers welfare was  borne by local authorities. Prior to the 1996 Immigration and Asylum Act , asylum seekers were entitled to the same welfare benefits as UK citizens, but at 90% of the normal rate.They could also claim housing benefit to cover rent. However, the 1996 Act removed all rights to housing and financial support from asylum seekers who failed to claim asylum at a UK port of entry, or who received a negative decision on their asylum claim. This meant that the local authorities, under the National Assistance Act 1945, and the Children’s Act 1989, were compelled to provide accommodation and food for those left destitute.

Under the new government of 1997, the right to claim asylum became highly politicised and the rights of asylum seekers began to be eroded, the dawn of the deterrence regime .In the 1999 Immigration and Asylum Act responsibility for the housing and welfare of destitute asylum seekers was passed from the Department of Social Security to the Home Office. It appeared that now immigration was a matter of numbers  and not an issue of social welfare  and housing. A new administrative  body was set up called  the National Asylum and Support Service (NASS), and was established in the  Home Office ‘s  Immigration and Nationality Department to oversee the new controls.

Among various pieces of legislation incorporated into British asylum policy was the removal of the right to work in 2002, this was followed by, Section 55 of the Nationality and Immigration and Asylum Act 2002, which ruled that anyone who did not claim asylum immediately upon arriving in the country could be denied any access to support. This was challenged in 2003 by the High Court on the basis that it left people with a choice of ‘persecution or destitution’.

In 2004 Dramatic cuts in legal aid funding created a framework in which asylum seekers are frequently inadequately represented.  A new contract specification, devolved powers to self –authorise legal aid were curtailed, and funding for attendance and representation at Home Office interviews  was withdrawn. This was followed in 2005 by a single tier appeals process which altered the way legal aid was implemented for asylum cases. Retrospective funding ensured that Lawyers had to assess the likelihood that that an appeal would succeed [the “merits” test], if not, asylum seekers had to represent themselves. This left more and more asylum seekers, without legal representation for their asylum cases, ending up destitute, with no recourse to public funds, deprived of all civil and social rights, and stripped of human dignity. It could be argued that the only parallel lies within the pre – welfare state and the administration of poor relief, specifically the Poor Law of 1834, when the dreaded ‘workhouse’ was instituted, forcing the poor, to take the “workhouse test” for indoor relief. A regime so unpleasant as to deter the poor seeking shelter and protection in the first place.

As (Fekete, Liz, .2009), points out,  Britain like the rest of Europe is detaining people in detention centres. It makes one wonder how democratic are the European states? How can they justify imprisoning individuals? Why have most EU states created a separate prison regime for asylum seekers detained at the point of arrival? How can Democratic European States justify incarcerating people when they have never appeared before a court for a criminal offence?  What appears to have happened, in European States, is the implementation of a regime of control and surveillance where asylum is linked to security. Many asylum seekers  in detention have their claims fast tracked  and are deported without even setting foot outside the detention centre.(7).

As,(Carr, M.2012) states “  The harsh ‘post-entry’ asylum measures such as detention and destitution adopted by various Governments  over the last two decades have made life much harder for asylum seekers”.(8)

Fekete. L. (2009) draws attention to the racist practises in the Western world towards those seeking asylum, drawing parallels  to the anti – black racism of apartheid, with debate concerning numbers reminiscent of the 1970’s . “The victimisation and interment of asylum seekers  mirrors the treatment of the Jews  during the Second World War”. (9)

If the tragedies of the twentieth century are not to be repeated, a very different approach is needed, one which critically looks at global change, displacement, flight, and the search for safety and sanctuary.

Christine Majid

March 2015



 (1)   UNHCR, Global Report 2013

(2)   UNHCR, Global Report (2013).

(3)  Guardian, 11th February. 2015 Patrick Kinsley “Hundreds of Migrants Feared Dead in Mediterranean this week”

(4) Boateng, P. (1989),” Preface to Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants (JCWI).  Unequal Migrants: “The European   Community’s Unequal Treatment of Migrants and Refugees”. Hutchinson University Library, London.

(5)  Fekete, L. (2009) ‘A Suitable Enemy’ pub. Pluto Press (2009)

(6)  Home Office (1998) Fairer, Faster and Firmer A Modern Approach to Immigration and Asylum Policy, CM 4018, London: Home Office, Para.13.3.

(7)  Fekete, L. (2009) ‘A Suitable Enemy’ pub. Pluto Press (2009)

(8) Carr, M. ( 2012). “Fortress Europe”,pub Hurst and Co Ltd


Posted in Asylum Policy, News